Matt Might是美国犹他大学的助理教授,这个有关什么是Ph.D.的图解,是他做的!读来蛮有意思,于是这里予以翻译转发。以下为全文






想象下面的圆圈代表人类所有的知识。(Imagine a circle that contains all of the human knowledge:)

当你小学毕业的时候,你知道一些。(By the time you finish elementary school, you know a little:)

当你高中毕业的时候,你知道得多了一些。(By the time you finish high school, you know a bit more:)

当你拿到学士学位时, 你有个专业方向。(With a bachelor’s degree, you gain a specialty:)

硕士学位会加深你对这个专业方向的了解。(A master’s degree deepens that specialty:)

读研究文章,会带领你进入到人类知识的最前端。(Reading research papers takes you to the edge of human knowledge:)

当你了解了这个(人类知识)的边界,你会专注于一个专门的问题。(Once you’re at the boundary, you focus:)

你在这个边缘努力了几年。(You push at the boundary for a few years:)

直到有一天,你在这个边界突破了。(Until one day, the boundary gives way:)

你突破的这个点,就是所谓的博士。(And, that dent you’ve made is called a Ph.D.:)

当然,这个世界对现在的你来说,就不一样了。(Of course, the world looks different to you now:)

但是,你别忘记了这整张图的样子。(So, don’t forget the bigger picture:)

继续努力吧!(Keep pushing.)


Matt Might, a professor in Computer Science at the University of Utah, created The Illustrated Guide to a Ph.D. to explain what a Ph.D. is to new and aspiring graduate students. [Matt has licensed the guide for sharing with special terms under the Creative Commons license.]